| Outside Jogja
| Temples & Monuments
Tourism & Culture Authority of Magelang Regency
offers a variety of tours and courses ranging
from outdoor activities to culture - including
cooking, dance and gamelan classes - and village
tours by andong (horse-drawn cart) and
For more information, visit their
website at www.borobudurcorner.com.
Keraton (Sultan's Palace)
Rotowijayan 1, Jogja. Phone: +62 (0274)
8:00 am - 2:00 pm, Friday 8:00 am - 11:00
HB IX Museum &
Keraton Batik Museum (inside the
Open daily: 10:30 am – noon.
Museum Kereta (Royal
Jl. Rotowijayan, west of the Keraton: Open
daily: 10:30 am – noon. Entrance fees charged.
Daily Activities at the Keraton
All performances are held at Sri Manganti
Pendopo, inside the Keraton.
- Monday: Javanese Gamelan
Music – 10:00 am – noon
- Tuesday: Javanese Gamelan
Music – 10:00 am – noon
- Wednesday: Golek Menak
(Wooden) Puppetry (abbreviated performance)
- 10:00 am – noon
- Thursday: Javanese Court
Dance – 10:00 am – noon
- Friday : Javanese Poetry
Recital – 9:00 – 11 am
- Saturday: Wayang Kulit
(Leather) Puppetry (abbreviated performance)
9:30 am – 1:00 pm
- Sunday: Wayang Orang
(Human performers) – 9:30 am – noon
in 1756 by Sultan Hamengku Buwono I,
today the Keraton is the residence of Sultan
Hamengku Buwono X and his family as well
as a center of Javanese traditional arts
and culture. All the buildings, courts,
carvings and trees and even their locations
within the 14,000 sq. m. Keraton have deep
philosophical meanings and are symbolic
of human life. The palace, the Tugu Monument
and Mount Merapi are positioned in one line,
forming a sacred axis. In the old times,
the Sultan concentrated his mind along this
axis before leading meetings, making decisions
or giving orders to his people.
Visitors can enjoy the atmosphere
of the Keraton as it was centuries ago.
Daily activities open to the public include
gamelan music, Javanese poetry readings,
court dances, and puppet shows designed
to preserve the ancient arts. Many sets
of gamelan instruments, antiques, batiks
and heirlooms make the Sultan's Palace one
of the most interesting tourist sites in
During the May 2006 earthquake,
several Keraton buildings were damaged:
Trajumas building, Tarub Agung building
and Mentog Baturana. All other areas have
been repaired and are open to visitors.
Pakualam (Pakualam Palace)
Sultan Agung, Jogja. Phone: +62 (0274) 554-030;
Museum open Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday
9:30 am – 2:30 pm.
Entrance fee charged.
All performances are held at Sewotomo
- Monday: Gamelan & dance
training – 5-7 pm
- Thursday: Gamelan &
dance training – 5-7 pm
- Eve of Saturdays Paing
(Friday night Legi): Gamelan
orchestra – 9:30 pm-midnight
“second palace”, Puro Pakualam is located
between the Progo and Bogowonto Rivers,
about 2 km east of the Keraton. In 1812,
in an attempt to stabilize uprisings in
central Java and counterbalance the strength
of Sultan Hamengku Buwono I, British Lieutenant
Governor General Sir Thomas Raffles created
a principality within the Keraton Yogyakarta
Sultanate and awarded it to one of the Sultan's
sons, Prince Notokusumo. The brilliant Prince
Notokusumo became Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran
Adipati Arya (K.G.P.A.A.) Paku Alam I and
his palace, Puro Pakualam, was completed
on March 17, 1813. Today it is the official
residence of Prince Paku Alam IX and family.
Puro Pakualam is a magnificent and well-preserved
palace, designed by K.G.P.A.A. Paku Alam
I, who was also an expert in culture and
literature. The 5,400 sq. m. compound is
a center of Javanese culture where gamelan
and dance instructions are held weekly.
Visitors can enjoy the beautiful architecture,
museum, royal heirlooms and heritage, holy
ancestor's culture, tradition, and way of
life during the times of the Mataram kingdom.
Sari (Water Castle)
Jl. Taman, Jogja. Open daily
9 am – 3 pm. Entrance fee charged.
Taman Sari, means “fragrant garden”, named
for the delicious fragrance emitted by 18
lavish gardens planted with flowers, vegetables
and fruit trees that once were part of the
compound. It was nicknamed “Water Castle”
by the Dutch because of its imposing two-story
mansion of Portuguese-Javanese design, now
in ruins, which once stood at the center
of a huge, man-made lake. Access to the
castle was by means of ingenious underwater
passageways with small towers placed at
regular intervals providing light and ventilation.
by Sultan Hamengku Buwono I beginning in
1758 and completed in 1765, it was abandoned
after his death. In its heyday Taman Sari
also included sunken bathing pools, secluded
meditation chambers, royal sleeping quarters,
rooms for wives and concubines, and a mosque.
It is said that the stone block supporting
the mosque was taken from the ruins of Kerta,
the early 17 th century palace of Mataram's
Behind the ruins of the mansion, a tunnel
leads to a complex of three partially restored
bathing pools, Umbul Binangun. The two larger
pools were used by queens, concubines and
princesses, while the small southernmost
pool was reserved for the Sultan and his
chosen partner. Gapura Agung, the western
gate, is decorated with reliefs of birds
collecting pollen. Sumur Gumuling (“Coiled
Well”) is one of the marvels of the complex.
Once only reachable by an underwater passageway,
it is a circular atrium that is partially
open to the sky with galleries on two levels
all around. At the bottom of the atrium
is a small pool that was once a well. Four
staircases extend forming a platform suspended
over the well through which the Sultan and
his guests could see just above the surface
of the surrounding lake. It is believed
that this building was once used as a mosque,
but it's more likely that it was a meditation
retreat reminiscent of the undersea castle
of Kangjeng Ratu Kidul, the Queen of the
Malioboro (Malioboro Street), downtown Jogja.
and stalls open 9 am – 8 pm. Food stalls
open 5 pm - midnight.
Jl. Malioboro, in the heart of Jogja, is
the city's main street and stretches from
north to south. It is known as one of the
most vibrant tourist attractions in Jogja
because the street is flanked on either
side by hundreds of street vendors selling
a stunning array of souvenirs, handicrafts
Jl. Malioboro is also well known for lesehan
eateries which pop up along the street
at night. Especially popular with the local
people, diners sit on mats to have meals
or drinks while discussing the events of
the day. Favored dishes are nasi gudeg
(young jackfruit simmered in coconut
milk and spices), sate (skewered,
grilled meat served with a sweet peanut
sauce) and other specialty foods of the
region. Jl. Malioboro is a beehive of activity
day and night and is not to be missed when
At the southern end of the street is a busy
traditional market, Pasar Beringharjo,
or Pasar Gede (big market), where local
people go to buy handicrafts, traditional
foods, batik, clothes and daily needs. To
the west of Jl. Malioboro along Jl. Mataram
is an area called Pathuk
where visitors can find a traditional snack
known as Bakpia Pathuk (pastry
filled with mung beans, chocolate or black
beans) and facilities such as a shopping
center, restaurants, hotels and supermarkets.
Jl. Pekapalan, Jogja. Donation
This is the royal mosque to the west of
the Keraton built by Sultan Hamengku Buwono
I in 1773 It was designed using Javanese
traditional architecture with 36 pillars
and unique inlays and is a reflection of
the Islamic influences during the glory
of the Jogjakarta Sultanate in the past.
Today, the Grand Mosque remains a place
for praying and holding religious ceremonies
such as Idul Fitri (the end of the Muslim
fasting month) and Idul Adha (Day of Sacrifice).
Idul Fitri is celebrated on the 1st of the
Javanese month Syawal and Idul Adha is held
on the 10 th day of the Javanese month Besar.
Traditional ceremonies are also held here.
Every year at Gerebeg Keraton guards carry
gunungan, yellow rice in the shape
of a mountain, in a procession from the
Sultan's Palace to the courtyard of the
Grand Mosque. Gerebeg is taken from the
Javanese word meaning “noisy”, indicating
the activity of visitors and the footsteps
of the Keraton guards. The Gerebeg ceremony
is held on the 12th day of the Javanese
month Maulud commemorating the birth of
Fort & Benteng Budaya Museum
Jend. Ahmad Yani No. 6, Jogja. Tel: (0274)
586-934, 510-996. Open Tuesday – Thursday
8.30 am - 2.00 pm, Friday 8.30 - 11.00 am,
Saturday – Sunday 8.30 am – noon. Entrance
Located north of the Central Post Office
(built in 1910), Vredeburg Fort was built
by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I for the
Dutch in 1760. It was reconstructed by Dutch
colonial Governor WH Van Osseberch in 1787
and renamed ‘Rusternberg'. In 1867, an earthquake
caused extensive damage. Following further
restoration the name was changed back to
‘Vredenburg', meaning the fortress of peace.
It was used as a military headquarters during
the Dutch, English, and Japanese occupations
and included barracks, officers' quarters,
a hospital warehouse and a jail. From 1945
until 1947 it functioned as the Indonesian
military headquarters. Within the complex
there's an entrenchment connected by a little
bridge, and the main gate leads to the inner
complex where 13 buildings including a bam,
houses, and halls. The old fort now houses
a museum showing the history of Indonesian
independence with dioramas, replicas, photos,
and paintings. The old barracks have been
converted into exhibition halls which frequently
display visual arts.
On Jogja – Visual Art Exhibitions” for
Open only on Monday at 10
am – 12 pm and Friday at 1 – 4 pm. Entrance
Located on a beautiful hill about 17 km
south of Jogja is Imogiri Royal Cemetery
built in 1645 by Sultan Agung. All Mataram
kingdom monarchs from the Jogjakarta and
Surakarta families rest here. Visitors must
wear traditional Javanese clothes. Men must
wear black or dark blue lurik
and are not allowed to wear a kris (traditional
dagger), and women must wear kemben,
which are provided by the abdi dalem
(the keeper of the cemetery) for a
small fee. To reach the graveyard, visitors
have to climb 345 stairs to reach the top
of the hill where the tombs of the kings
lie. There is a myth that if visitors can
count the number of stairs correctly, all
his or her wishes will be granted.
Gede Royal Cemetery
Pasar Kota Gede, Jogja. Open Tuesday 8 am
– 3 pm and Friday 1 pm – 5 pm. Donation/entrance
Kota Gede, an old city located
in the southern part of Jogja, was the capital
of the Islamic Mataram kingdom during the
16th century, when Panembahan Senopati was
the first king. As a flourishing trading
center which attracted merchants and craftsmen
until the Mataram kingdom moved to Kerta
in 1614, there are many unique landmarks
here to visit: the Royal Mosque, Hastarenggo
Royal Cemetery, the Watu Gilang
stone, the ancient fort, and the Kalang
traditional house. Kota Gede is also well
known for its silver. Visitors can watch
silversmiths working at their craft at a
number of shops. The Royal Cemetery houses
81 graves of Mataram sultans and their families
and has two large banyan trees guarding
the entrance to the complex, which also
includes an ancient mosque and two courtyards
with spring-fed pools. Visitors are required
to wear traditional Javanese clothes to
visit the cemetery, which are provided by
abdi dalem (the keeper of the cemetery)
for a small fee.
fame of Borobudur and Prambanan is so widely
spread that visitors often jet in to see
them, then immediately jet out again to
continue their holidays elsewhere. Few people
outside of archaeologists and scholars are
aware of just how numerous the temples and
monuments of Central Java really are. Unfortunately,
today many of them are not much more than
a pile of stones or a statue unearthed by
a farmer plowing his field. But for those
who wish to dig deeper into the archaeological
mysteries of this area, drop by LIP (the
French Cultural Center) on Jl. Sagan and
ask to see a copy of a little book called
“Jogja Sites Out of Sight” describing the
archaeological findings as of 2002 of nearly
40 temple and monument sites. The temples
listed here are in the vicinities of Borobudur,
Prambanan and Ratu Boko, however the book
also describes lesser known ruins in more
are two other temple complexes in Central
Java not-to-be missed. At Dieng
Plateau, near Wonosobo, are eight
small Hindu temples from the 7 th and 8
th centuries, the oldest in Central Java.
Surrounded by craters of boiling mud, colored
lakes, caves, sulfur outlets, hot water
sources and underground channels; the plateau
is an eerie sight. Southwest of Semarang
is Gedong Songo, a rarely
visited complex of five temples constructed
in the 8 th and 9th centuries. This site
highlights how the location of temples in
Hinduism was as important as the structures
themselves. Beautiful panoramas of three
volcanoes and Dieng Plateau can be seen
on a clear day.
Larger and more popular temples
have set opening and closing times and charge
an entrance fee. If trekking through villages
to see simple ruins, there are no set times
and visitors may be requested to make a
42 kms north of Jogja in Magelang Regency.
Open daily 7 am – 6 pm. Entrance fee charged.
Mahakarya Management office,
Jl. Badrawati, Borobudur, Magelang 56553,
Tel: (0293) 788-266, Fax: 788-132, e-mail:
Events, including performing
arts, are held on the Aksobya open stage
next to Borobodur. Recent events include:
“The Legend of Mahakarya Borobudur”,
a dance depicting the history of the monument;
an International Folk and Dance Festival;
Waicak Ceremony celebrating the birth enlightenment
and death of Buddha; and the ASEAN Ramayana
Festival, an epic dance dialog with India,
Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia and Indonesia.
For further information, contact the Mahakarya
Management office or firstname.lastname@example.org
or see schedules at www.borobudurpark.com.
Borobudur is the one of the
'must see' sites for all visitors to Jogja.
It is a magnificent Buddhist monument constructed
between 750 and 850 AD when Central Java
was still a Buddhist kingdom. Long abandoned,
the first rediscovery and appreciation of
Borobudur began in 1815 under Sir Thomas
Stamford Raffles, who was the Let. Governor
of Java during the brief time the British
ruled Indonesia. Total reconstruction of
the thousands of stones and reliefs took
place under the Indonesian government who,
with the assistance of UNESCO, completed
a 10-year restoration project in 1984. Today,
Borobudur is a UNESCO designated World Heritage
Site with seven levels and 1,460 carved
stone reliefs telling the story of the Buddha
and representing the steps from the earthly
realm to Nirvana. Borobudur is best seen
in the early morning or at twilight. Visitors
can hire guides, who speak several foreign
languages, at the site for a thorough appreciation
of the reliefs.
the Borobudur Park complex are two museums:
Borobudur Ship Museum (Samudra
Raksa Museum Kapal) and Karmawibhangga
Archaeological Museum, Click on
for further information.
It's a pity that people don't
spend more time in the countryside when
they visit Borobudur monument. Tourists
have the habit of staying a couple of hours
and bussing out again. And many of us who
live here – weary of the ever-aggressive
vendors at the monument – prefer to spend
our time in other pursuits. It's too bad
because there's plenty to see and do in
the area. The bonus is no city pollution
both sides of the main road (Jalan Magelang)
are lined with shops selling large and small
stone sculptures, begging to be explored.
In less than an hour from Jogja, you turn
left toward Mungkid and
are immediately surrounded by verdant rice
fields. Leaving the chaos of the traffic
behind, a sense of calm and peacefulness
the road to Borobudur there are a couple
of large silver shops – the sort that tour
buses frequent – which could save a trip
south to Kota Gede if time doesn't permit
doing both. Next is Candi Mendut,
an 8th century Mahayana Buddhist temple
and Candi Pawon, an 8th
century Buddhist temple believed to be dedicated
to Kuvera, god of wealth. And then Taman
Anggrek, a large garden selling
orchids, just across the street from the
enormous two-story H. Widayat Museum
& Gallery. Borodudur is only
a hop, skip and a jump further down the
Also available in the area
are river rafting, meditation tours and
excellent views of Merapi. Stopping off
for a sunset drink at Amanjiwa Resort
would be an excellent way to end the day.
The Tourism & Culture
Authority of Magelang Regency offers Borobudur
Sunrise tours and an Exploring Borobudur
& Surrounding Area by Becak (pedicab)
For more information, visit
their website at www.borobudurcorner.com.
Jogja-Solo, Km. 17.
Open daily 7 am – 6 pm. Entrance fee
The Ramayana Ballet is performed
in the Prambanan Temple Complex starting
at 7:30 p.m.
on or around full moon evenings on the open-air
stage in the Prambanan complex. A cast of
200 artists performs with the magnificent
temple as its backdrop.
on or around full moon evenings on the indoor
stage at Trimurti Theater in the Prambanan
Temple Complex. A cast of 50 artists puts
on a stunning performance.
There are two versions of
the production of the epic poem. The “episodic
story” consists of four parts performed
on four consecutive nights. Each episode
lasts about 1.5 hours. The “full story”
is a compilation of the four episodes and
lasts about 2 hours, with a 15-minute refreshments
break. Both versions of the dance-drama
have been modified for tourists by omitting
lengthy Javanese dialog. Refreshments are
available on-site. For reservations call
(0274) 496-408 or 497-771. Visit www.borobudurpark.com
for complete schedules or click on What’s
On Jogja – Theater & Dance
for the current schedule. Click on Attractions
& Info – Performing Arts Venues
for a description of the play.
Temple is a magnificent Hindu monument.
Its commonly known name is derived from
the village where it is located, but locally
it is known as Roro (often incorrectly spelled
Loro) Jonggrang, or Temple of the Slender
Virgin. It is the biggest and most beautiful
Hindu temple in Indonesia and is a UNESCO
World Heritage Site. Located 17 km east
of Jogja, it is believed to have been built
by King Balitung Maha Sambu in the middle
of the ninth century. Its parapets are adorned
with a bas-relief depicting the famous Ramayana
story. The temple complex, containing eight
shrines, lies among green fields and peaceful
villages. The main temple, dedicated to
Shiva, rises to a height of 130 feet and
houses a magnificent statue of Shiva's consort,
Durga. Other temples are devoted to Vishnu
The area's first open-air
theater staging Ramayana performances is
on the southern side of the temple and was
built in 1960; the new theater on the western
side of the temple was completed in 1988.
During full moon evenings in the months
from May to October, the Ramayana ballet
is performed here episodically in four evenings.
In the May 2006 earthquake,
the entire complex suffered serious structural
damage with deep internal cracks and some
temples threatening to topple. The evaluation
team, which included UNESCO, the Indonesian
government and several other agencies, spent
12 months evaluating the damage. They estimate
restoration work may take several years
to complete. The complex remains open to
the public. An iron fence has been erected
around the main group of temples to protect
visitors from falling stones. Although no
longer able to venture inside the main temples,
visitors can still see the grandeur of the
complex and entrance fees may help support
the local people who formerly earned a living
OF MAIN PRAMBANAN COMPLEX
in statues, bas-reliefs and sculpted stones,
there are frequent representations of children
(or dwarfs or the Ganas, Shiva's servers,
who support the world) with raised hands
here. Candi Gana is located in the middle
of a housing complex and has been under
restoration since 1997. Once called Candi
Asu (Dog temple).
Village, Bugisan, Prambanan, Sleman Regency.
Open daily 8 am – 5 pm. Entrance fee charged.
The unique unification of
9 th century Hindu and Buddhist architecture
in the Plaosan Temple Complex was probably
brought about by a Hindu king who built
the temple for his Buddhist queen. The complex
consists of two main temples standing side
by side, each having terraced bases. The
reliefs carved on the southern main temple
portray a man, and the other one shows a
woman. Another peculiar object that is interesting
to see is its perwara, “slender
stupa”. There are 58 small temples and 116
stupas in the complex.
OF MAIN PRAMBANAN COMPLEX
Seven Buddha and Bodhisativa statues,
some collapsed, represent different poses
and expressions. The statues, posed on the
ground under the shade of trees, represent
different poses and expressions of Buddha
and Bodhisattva. This temple is in the center
of a village and has not been well studied.
Located at the Bugisan hamlet,
village of Tamanmartani, Kalasan district,
Sleman. The location can be reached from
the Jogjakarta-Solo Street. At the 16th
km take a south (right) turn from the main
street and go for about 100m.
Village, Tirtomartani, Kalasan, Sleman Regency.
Open daily 8 am – 5 pm. Entrance Fee charged.
This two-story Buddhist temple
is located 600 meters from Kalasan temple.
It was built around the 9 th century AD
as a vihara Buddhist monastery.
The first floor was a praying room and on
the second story were the monks' chambers.
At its top are nine stupas. Windows are
built around the temple, with the exception
of the west side because of the Buddha and
Boddhisattva statues. The temple is decorated
with talent: there are 36 large figures
represented in relief on the exterior walls,
still covered with stucco (vrajalepa),
but some of the figures are difficult to
recognize: half-gods, Naga kings, masculine
and feminine divinities following the Tribangga
rules, some of which are reminiscent of
Tara, the bodhisattva consecrated at Kalasan.
Notice the Kinara-Kinari (bird-angels) near
the windows and the elephant friezes at
each side of the door, also the two guardian
statues of Dwarapala and Gupala at the entry.
Village, Purwomartani, Kalasan.
Open daily 8 am – 5 pm. Entrance
fee charged. This Hindu temple is located
west of Candi Sari and was built in the
middle of 9th century AD. The temple complex
consists of one main and three small temples.
The main temple is ornamented with Hindu
statues: Dewi Durgamahisasuramardhini on
the north, Ganesha on the west, and Agastya
on the south. Sambisari was buried by eruptions
from Mt. Merapi for a century. It was discovered
in 1976 by a farmer plowing his field. The
temple is still used as a place of worship
for the Hindu of the region.
Kedulan village, Tirtomartani, Kalasan.
This Hindu temple, built of
andesite, has a yoni of large dimensions.
Its entourage, of which fragments have been
found, is not entirely excavated. The temple
is in the middle of fields, with free entrance.
Village, Tirtomartani, Kalasan.
Open daily 8 am – 5 pm. Entrance fee charged.
This Buddhist temple is located
south of Candi Sari. Kalasan is one of the
masterpieces of the Classic Javanese era,
built in 778 AD by King Panangkaran. This
temple is surrounded by stupas used as monks'
graves. The temple entrance is carved with
beautiful kala (celestial elements)
Raya Piyungan, 3 km south of Prambanan Temple
at Dawung and Sambirejo villages, Piyungan,
or 19 km east of Jogjakarta. See www.borobudurpark.com.
Open daily 7 am - 6 pm. Entrance fee charged.
Ratu Boko Palace is a huge
complex built on 16 hectares as the residence
of King Boko of the first Mataram dynasty.
Local legend says that Ratu Boko liked to
eat human flesh.
Primarily in ruins, visitors
must use their imaginations to fill in historical
and structural gaps. Gold plates inscribed
with Buddhist mantras have been found here
dating to 792 A.D, along with stupas and
Bodhisattva statues, indicating that at
one time it might have also been a monastery.
However, Hindu remains such as lingga
and Ganesha statues have also been
From the restored main entrance
to the right is the Palace's audience hall
that has been restored. On the left of the
hall is a Keputren Pool (“Princess' Bath”)
that was used as a bathing pool for women.
Fragments of sculptures and bas-reliefs
can be found around the pools: elephants,
birds and snakes. Other partial structures
are a crematory temple, now only a tall
platform bordered by steps and surrounded
by parapets; a pendopo (meeting
hall) surrounded by a high rock fence with
three entrance gates and water spouts outside
the fence; a miniature Hindu temple with
three small gates representing Brahma, Shiva
and Vishnu; and the alun-alun,
the town square. To the south of the complex
are two caves, probably used for meditation.
The panoramic views surrounding
the complex are breathtaking. On a clear
morning, Mount Merapi and Prambanan and
Kalasan temples are visible to the north,
while to the south, the Indian Ocean is
discernible in the distance.
OF RATU BOKO
Village, Bokoharjo, Prambanan.
Open daily 8 am – 5 pm. Entrance fee charged.
Overlooking Banyunibo is Candi
Barong, a Hindu temple built around the
9 th century AD. There are two separate
terraces. The first one is empty but on
the second are two temples, both of which
are almost identical and have no entrances.
Each side of the two buildings has similar
decorations. The temple's roof is of three
ornamented tiers resembling those on Candi
Ijo. Interesting is that the main room of
the building is at the back, not in the
center like other temples. It is called
Barong because of the barong head
ornament on the complex gate.
About 50 m north of Barong
lies the Dawangsari site.
Although nothing remains but a few scattered
stones, it is thought that Dawangsari was
a Buddhist temple, whereas Barong was Hindu.
Village, Bokoharjo, Prambanan.
Open daily 8 am – 5:00 pm. Entrance fee
Candi Banyunibo can easily
be visited after strolling through Ratu
Boko Palace. Situated about 2 km southeast
of Ratu Boko, Banyunibo is a solitary complex
in the middle of farmland and is flanked
by the Gunung Kidul hills to the south,
offering exotic scenery and enjoyable views.
Although quite small, this Buddhist temple
has interesting features, such as a slightly
curved roof functioning as the top of the
stupa and giving it a unique charm. Built
around the 9th century, every window is
carved with likenesses of Sakti, the wife
of Buddha: on the west windows is Pandarawasini
Sakti from Amitabha, the north Tarini Sakti
from Amogasiddhi, and on the south Mamaki
Sakti from Ratnasambhawa. This temple is
surrounded by Hindu fragments.
Like all other sacred places,
tiny Banyunibo (which means “dripping water”)
is still used today as a place of meditation
and contemplation. Local legend says that
there was once a river flowing from Ratu
Boko to Banyunibo which carried gold.
Ijo is a complex of three-tiered temples,
but only one, at the top, has been renovated.
While Hindu, its main temple and three secondary
shrines (currently under renovation), surrounded
by a wall, are more imposing then other
Hindu temples. According to local legend,
Ijo hill is guarded by a naga
(magical serpent) and his turtledoves. Villagers
report hearing the flapping of the birds'
wings taking flight.
south of Ratu Boko, Arca Gupolo is a group
of seven statues in a circle, as if in assembly.
The largest, two meters tall, represents
an Agastya. At its side, you can see a trident.
The second statue is of a Shiva in a sitting
position. The other statues are unfortunately
too damaged for the subject to be known
(possibly Buddha). An eponymous well, a
rarity in the dry region, stands near the
site under the fresh and humid shadow of
giant teaks. Flower decorations on the clothes
of the largest one are still visible.
OF RATU BOKO
km south of Prambanan, Watugudig is believed
to be a resting place for King Boko. The
name means “wounded stones” referring to
the appearance of the stones used to construct
around 40 pole sittings in the shape of
a Javanese gong with a protruding part in
the middle. It is likely the sittings were
the base of a pendopo (meeting
hall), believed to date from the 8 th to
9 th centuries, during the Ratu Boko era.
Sentonorejo village, Jogotirto, Berbah
Actually a well surrounded
by very tall walls shaped like a pyramid,
in some ways resembling Borobudur. Despite
its state of disrepair, its atmosphere is
unique. The well is called Bandung by
the local people and the plane of the hill
is regularly used as a campground by students.
A hexagonal yoni has been discovered, making
it believed to be a Hindu site.
the base of Abang temple, Sentono cave is
perhaps younger than other regional temples.
A complex of caves with two mouths, there
is a statue and bas-relief carvings in the
5 m below ground, Situs Payak is the best
preserved bathing place in Central Java.
It is thought to be Hindu. This site is
in the middle of the Payak hamlet, village
of Srimulyo, Piyungan district, Bantul regency.
Ruins of a temple and stairs
1.5 m underground are all that remains of
Candi Gampingan. Reliefs of animals at the
foot of the temple are believed to be a